Curly hair comes with challenges of its own that most people with straight hair don’t have to face or understand. Curly hair is much more delicate and requires a little extra care for it to look amazing. There are various maintenance ideas for this nature of hair and varying opinions that curly-haired people are faced with. For example, how often to wash the hair, how frequent to use shampoo (once or few times a week) and what special products to use.

Curly hair specialty products are even three times more expensive than regular products and unfortunately could be more or less effective.

The most important thing to do for your curls is to understand them and identify your curl type. Knowing your curl type aids in mapping out the best styling strategy taking into consideration texture, pattern and porosity of hair type.


All curl types should be treated differently. Generally, you can identify three main forms, namely: wavy, coily and curly. They can also be further differentiated according to texture and pattern.

Type 2- Wavy or Loose

Those curls are of a s-shaped pattern and typically need light-weight product that won’t make the hair feel heavy.

2A: It is the most subtle of curly hair typically fine and not naturally voluminous with loose and bendy s-shaped strands.

2B: This suffers frizz and a bit more defined. It begins at the eye level and benefits from smothering oil and defining mousse.

2C: The s-shaped curls are more defined. It starts all the way up at the roots but also tends to be coarser than the other type 2 patterns.

2a wavy/swavy hair type.
2A type: wavy/swavy. Photo by Sofia Zhuravetc.
2b wavy/curvy hair type
2B type: wavy/curvy. Photo by Tim Mossholder.
2c wavy/whirly hair type
2C type: wavy/whirly. Photo by Sofia Zhuravetc.

Type 3- Curly

This hair types are much springier with actual spirals, density and defined curls. They are more bouncy and prone to dehydration and frizz which can be resolved with moisturizing and defining creams and gels.

3A: Much more defined spirals and curls. They can be perfectly bouncy and springy if the right products are used.

3B: It is more voluminous and tighter than 3A but it is prone to drying out and requires a moisturizing cream and defining gel to tame.

3C: Their curls are way tighter, coarse and denser in texture making it essential to avoid drying products.

3a curly/twirly hair type
3A type: curly/twirly.   Photo by Jonas Svidras.
3b curly/spirally hair type
3B type: curly/spirally. Photo by
3c type: curly/kinky
3c type: curly/kinky.

Type 4- Coiled or Kinky

They range from tight S-shaped curls to Z-shaped curls. Compactly coiled and full of volume, they are prone to tangles and crave moisture more than other types making it mandatory to use hydration related hair products like deep conditioners or leave-in conditioners.

4A: Compactly coiled and dense S-shaped pattern coil type, they need co-washing.

4B: They are less defined but much coiled Z-shaped pattern can be dry to the touch, hydration is a must including oils for detangling.

4C: They are rated the tightest curl pattern thus requiring a wide-tooth comb for detangling. They appear very dense and voluminous but actually shrink 50% of natural hair length.

4a hair type
4A type: kinky/coily. Photo by Javier Sánchez Mingorance.
4b kinky crimpy hair type
4B type: kinky/crimpy.
4c_kinky ziggy hair
4C type: kinky/ziggy. Photo by Zhur_Sa.

INAPPROPRIATE TREATMENT. What problems do the curls face?

Issues that could affect your hair texture and appearance do not originate from the hair products only. They can also be linked to the environment and individual treatment. There are three major problems associated with curly hair.

1. Frizzy Hair

Curly hair is more prone and vulnerable to frizz than other hair textures due to its natural dryness, it requires added moisture for hydration, hydrating conditioner for the end lengths so as to incorporate moisture.

2. Hair Knots

Curly Hair is known to be a knotty mess especially when you wake up and the hair is uncovered. Prior to combing, it is ideal to spray the tangling hair spray or dampen the hair so as to get the knots out before drying. Instead of blow-drying, pat the hair dry and apply hair serum then. Remember to wrap hair in a microfiber towel when sleeping.

3. Triangle hair

This is majorly cause by the style of haircut. Triangle hairs is when curly hair is straighter and limp at the top but has thick curls at the bottom thus forming a triangle. It is advisable to visit a hairstylist so as to even out the volume. Also apply little hair mousse to curls before diffuse.


i. Over cleansing the hair: Washing your hair every day when you have waves, curls or coils will make it loose its natural oils as applying excess shampoo can cause dryness. Cleansing it once or twice in a week can be sufficient.

ii. Overheating: Heat styling is a major curl destroyer as it can permanently alter the curl pattern. It is essential to use heat protectant to minimize further damage and also cut down on the usage of hot tools.

iii. Chemical processes and procedures: The application of chemicals even for a temporal period can permanently alter the curl texture and hair strands.

iv. Use of wrong styling products: Products that contain silicones should be avoided as they are moisture barrier. Alcoholic products are wrong for curls as they suck up moisture and do not let curls bounce. Use moisture-based products and finishing oil to seal, define and eliminate frizz.

v. The use of terrycloth: This can cause frizz as it fluffs up hair cuticles and absorbs water from the hair causing tangling. The adoption of a cotton T-shirt of a microfiber towel will save your hair outlook in the long run.

vi. Detangling with the wrong type of hair tool: Many use a fine-tooth comb which causes breakages instead of a wide-tooth comb. Hair brushes should be used at a minimum as they break curls and invite frizz. Make use of a wide-tooth comb by working from the ends to the roots to untangle.

You are beautiful. Give more love and attention to your curls

Take care of your curlsOverall, try keep up the following quite simple ways to save the beauty of your curls:

  • Protect your hair while asleep by tying hair in certain scarf or sleeping on a silk pillowcase to preserve the health and shine on hair and also reduce tangling and breakage.
  • Skip cutting scarf as they soak up natural oil.
  • Certain weather conditions require various cares for your curly hair type. In cold weather, adopt a lighter gel that will hold curls in place, make use of glycerine-free shampoo while in windy conditions, moisturize and deep-condition the hair on regular basis in combination with the use of hair accessories creatively.

A curly hair type requires much love, time, a good haircut and hairstylist with top-notching styling products which will make all the difference. Essential treatment such as the use of glycerin-free shampoo, gels, the use of diffuser attachment when blow drying, conditioners, trimming could go a long way in helping curly-haired persons maintain their hair. Also, protect hair in sun and during recreation from salt water, sand, wind, snow as well as humid conditions to prevent tangling and drying from unfriendly elements.

Recommended articles: Best Natural Hair Masks for Winter, How to Make Your Hair Grow Faster


  1. Like!! I blog frequently and I really thank you for your content. The article has truly peaked my interest.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here