Edema – Causes and Ways to Prevent Water Retention
Our body gives us a lot of signals telling us that there is something wrong with it. Edema, or swelling of body or its parts because of an excessive amount of water in them, is another clear sign that something is not going well inside of your organism.
First of all, it puts a vivid sign on a person’s look: pouches under the eyes, swollen face in the morning, or inability to put your favorite shoes on. Secondly and most importantly, it may tell a person about their serious diseases.
Here are 5 main reasons why edema may take place and some preventative measures to avoid facing this ailment.
1. Issues with Kidney
If kidneys are not functioning properly, water and salt retain in the body, what leads to edema.
Besides, in some forms of renal diseases an excessive amount of protein in the blood is excreted with urine, which also leads to body swelling.
Edema caused by kidneys dysfunction is mainly associated with the swelling of face and baggy skin below the eyes appearing in the morning and running off by the second part of the day.
In this case one may not be able to avoid or fight the disease alone without visiting a doctor.
Some ways you can reduce kidney associated edema:
- Prevent yourself from drinking too much diuretic tea. Valuable micro- and macronutrients are washed away with water which makes it hard for your body to build such essential components as protein.
- Reduce salt amount up to 2-5 grams a day. It is also better to add it to the ready meals, not while the process of cooking. You can also add a soy source instead of salt.
- You may need to reduce the amount of water you drink (less than 1.5 or 2 liters a day, which is a norm).
- Make sure that you don’t sleep on your belly. Sleeping on your back instead will reduce pouches under the eyes and swollen face.
2. Issues with Heart
Another rather serious cause of edema may be induced by heart failure. A sick heart may not be able to pump the blood properly. Because of that, blood then accumulates in legs causing puffiness.
Heart linked swellings are observed mainly on the hucklebones. As a rule, they appear in the evening and disappear in the morning. In addition to swollen legs such things as weakness, feeling of lack of air, and pain or discomfort in chest may come to trouble you.
In this case, self-cure is hardly a solution and one should pay more attention to their health condition and consult a doctor.
3. Varicose Veins
As recent studies indicate, around 80% of women and 30% of men suffer from varicose veins. Such factors as sedentary work or standing long hours on your legs violate the blood circulation in the lower extremities, provoking veins dilatation and edema.
Venous swelling also appears by the evening in the form of socks traces, and often extends from the shin to the foot. As a result, legs start to ache, swell, and buzz.
This one should also be cured with the help of specialist only. You may, however, help reduce the impact of external factors to your veins by taking into account these simple measures:
- Put a small pillow or cushion under your feet at night while sleeping.
- Do Biking or Elliptical exercises, just 20-30 minutes a day. It will help a lot normalize blood circulation and decrease venous edema.
- Don’t wear high hills, at least for too long.
- Make sure you don’t cross your legs while sitting.
4. Hormonal Disorders
Hormonal dysfunction is another risk factor. For example, if the thyroid produces too few hormones, special substances accumulate in the blood, causing the tissues to retain water.
Hormonal edema most often appear on the legs. They are rather dense to the touch and do not leave any traces after socks. In addition to puffiness, there are other consequences like weight gain, constipation, a sparse pulse, and an increased drowsiness.
Hormones are a delicate matter and they may require a specialist’s help.
Such products as apples, cottage cheese, or lemon come as decongestants and may help produce more essential components in your body and therefore lower the puffiness.
Allergies are often accompanied by swelling. Moreover, edema can be both external and internal.
For example, swelling because of a bee wasp biting is an external consequence of an allergy edema. For example, if a person with nuts allergies eats peanuts, he may develop laryngeal edema – a dangerous condition that requires immediate medical attention.
There are various antiallergenic pills and ointment, but if the swelling is too intense it may also require doctor’s visit.
Despite the fact that the causes of edema are different and the ways of dealing with them are different too, prevention in many cases is rather similar.
Walk more, do at least easy exercises – physical activity will help you “squeeze out” excess fluid from the body.
Make sure you have a healthy diet and do not prolong the treatment of edema.
There are a lot of cosmetic treatments out there, but beauty comes from strong heath which should never be neglected.
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