Nowadays, people tend to think that GMO is harmful and they should avoid it. However, most of people still do not understand what is a GMOand explain its danger to the health of human body. Our magazine has decided to study the most common myths about GMO.
What is GMO?
Genetically modified organism or GMO is an organism that went trough modification by genetic engineering methods for economic or scientific purposes. When it comes to nutrition, genetically modified food is the food that has GMOs in its composition.
Myth 1. GMOs help fight with pests.
Ironically, the use of GMO technology has actually made a control over pests even more difficult. According to scientists that study organic products, most agronomists use GMOs in modern agriculture to produce their own pesticides, which are no less harmful than the chemical pesticides used before. These pesticides provoke the emergence of “superweeds” on the fields, which are resistant to the effects of most compounds.
Myth 2. GMOs is radical technology.
Have you ever imagined that thousands of varieties of fruits and vegetables are made of genetic modification? It is the fact that almost all the products that you purchase on a daily bases from supermarkets went trough modification. That is why, scientsts o not consider GMOs as a radical technology. Although,GMO differs from traditional breeding methods.
When scientists create GMOs, they include DNA in the genome from organisms of one species or another. For the delivery of alien genes using bacteria, viruses or a special device – a gene gun. Experiments continue until scientists obtain an ideal organism, which corresponds to the initially specified parameters.
Myth 3. GMOs are safe to eat.
The truth is that science has began to be use GMO technologies relatively in 1994. Thus, at the moment there is not enough research on the topic of testing the long-term effects of genetically modified products on public health.
Notes of researchers that study organic products on short-term exposure of GM foods suggest that people need to concern this topic and study more about this issue. An analysis of nineteen large-scale studies suggested that those mammals that ate genetically modified corn and soybeans had a higher risk of developing chronic diseases associated with the kidneys, liver, bones and brain damage.
Myth 4. Scientists do not test GMOs.
It may seem that GM foods are those that are being pricked with a syringe. Meanwhile, the use of GMOs in food requires an important laboratory verification. People never get the product that does not have a certificate of successful examination.
Today all GMOs are subject to mandatory registration and everyone can find any information about them in an open database.
Myth 5. GMOs is the easy way to earn money.
In fact, the use of GMOs brings corporations not as many bonuses as might be supposed. However, the there is a significant question about GMOs: Why is it necessary to use them? In fact, genetic modification technologies are one of the few ways of modifying crops available to farms. It allows to obtain the optimal ratio of production costs and total payback. In addition, according to studies, without GMO technology, by 2050, humankind will begin to lack some food. Think about it!
To sum up, it is very important to learn every single detail of the technologically new product in order to decide whether to continue to consume it or to stop buying GM products on a daily basis.
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