Can I Get Rid of Dandruff Completely?
Dandruff is one of the most common conditions that affect the scalp. Around half of the adult population suffers from it. Although this condition rarely causes any serious health complications, it does affect the confidence of those who have it. However, before starting your mission on fighting dandruff, first you should understand what you’re dealing with. In this article, we are going to talk about the main causes of dandruff and what are the best ways to get rid of it.
Technically there are 3 types of dandruff:
1. Dry scalp. If you notice small white flakes on your hair and scalp which can get away easily that is dry scalp type of dandruff. It is a common and widespread type that can be treated with scalp-oil or leave-in dry scalp treatment. Even after several weeks no improvement or the situation got worse? Then probably there is a problem with your skin condition.
2. Seborrheic dermatitis. This is a chronic inflammatory condition that happens where there are a lot of oil-producing glands in the scalp and skin. It is also partially driven by the yeast Malassezia furfur. In this case you can use anti-dandruff shampoo every time when you wash your hair.
3. Psoriasis. This is more serious type of dandruff. If you see on your scalp large itching red scales anti-dandruff shampoo or home treatment won’t help you. See immediately dermatologist or trichologist.
What Causes Dandruff?
Genetics. Some people have a genetic predisposition to suffer from dandruff. But it’s not fact, because you can be the only person in your family who has dandruff. There can be other reasons for changes in your health condition, like menstrual cycle or teen age.
Skin conditions. If you have some skin problems like psoriasis , eczema or dermatitis, it may also cause the appearance of dandruff. With this skin condition you need to be careful with what you eat. Sometimes changes in your eating habits or adding a new product to your ration negatively influences your body. These conditions can lead to dandruff-like flaking.
Dry or excessively oily skin. If you have dry skin your scalp is more prone to develop dandruff, become flaky and itchier. Moreover, having oily scalp means having more Malassezia yeast on your skin. As a rule, this fungus causes dandruff.
Not shampooing your hair enough. Oil and dead skin cells can build-up in your scalp if you don’t wash your hair regularly. While washing your hair gently rub your scalp as if you’re doing massage with fingers, not nails. Besides washing your hair, brush it regularly to prevent the build-up of dead skin cells.
Sensitivity to some hair care products. Sometimes after using some certain shampoo or hair conditioner can appear white flakes on your head. If you’re sensitive to different types of hair care products try to find shampoo which doesn’t cause or decrease dandruff. After finding the best suited hair care product stick to it. Keep in mind, if dandruff appeared once that doesn’t mean that right after changing your shampoo you can get rid of it.
Stress. High levels of stress can lead to the development of dandruff. If you haven’t experienced dandruff before try to recall the past events. Maybe recently something has happened in your life that cause you feel nervous and stress. It might seem unimportant, but actually stress may be the root of dandruff.
Why Some People Have Dandruff and Others No?
As we mentioned above, if your family has a history of dandruff you are more likely to suffer from it. Also, your age matters. If you’re right now a teenager you most likely have dandruff. Similarly to acne dandruff also is common for teenagers and in this particular case it’s a temporary condition.
Surprisingly, males are more susceptible to dandruff and researchers connect this issue to male hormones. Another trigger to your problem can be your weakened immune system. Also, people with diseases that affect nervous system are at risk to have dandruff.
In addition, some people develop an allergy to certain hair products and this could lead to dandruff. Maybe some time ago you used a hair care product that your hair doesn’t like and it made your skin very sensitive.
Effective Ways to Get Rid of Dandruff
Can’t see positive changes in your dandruff even after couple of weeks? So, is it really possible completely to get rid of pesky dandruff? The answer is yes and no. Because every organism is unique and different. Therefore, it is impossible to make a single conclusion to everyone. If you have serious problems with dandruff don’t postpone visit to trichologist. Here are some effective ways to help you get rid of dandruff that are suggested by experienced trichologists.
Exfoliate Your Scalp
There are several professional scalp scrubs that you can use once a week to deep cleanse your scalp. It will help you to remove excess oil, dead skin cells and the leftover of any hair product. By removing dead skin cells, you prevent your scalp from flaking, because dead skin cells lead to dandruffs. Scalp scrub unclogs the scalp surface and gently exfoliates it. Use the scrub really gently to avoid irritation and inflammation that could lead to infections.
Use a Dandruff Shampoo
There are several over-the-counter shampoos that work effectively to treat dandruff. Look for a shampoo with one of these ingredients:
1. Zinc pyrithione: Reduces the amount of yeast and prevents the overgrowth of yeast.
2. Salicylic acids: Helps to get rid of dead skin cells and helps to deal with dry skin.
3. Selenium sulfide: Controls oil production by glands in the scalp.
4. Ketoconazole: It is an effective ingredient in fighting with redness and irritation.
5. Tea tree oil: It is antiseptic and anti-fungal.
Use Topical Steroids
If at-home treatments don’t work then you should see your dermatologist so he can prescribe you topical steroids to calm any redness or irritation. It comes in a form of cream or lotion so you can easily use it. Beside soothing your scalp this treatment also helps to exfoliate and remove dead cells.
Maintain Good Habits
Shampoo your hair on a regular basis, avoid scratching to prevent irritation. If you suffer of seborrheic dermatitis or you prone to dandruff wash your hair even more. If you use anti-dandruff shampoo or conditioner apply it only on scalp, not on hair. Because anti-dandruff shampoo has hair drying effect which can cause flaking. Avoid suffering from stress since it can aggravate dandruff.
Have a Healthy Diet
Pay attention to what you are eating, it directly connected to the work of sebaceous glands on your scalp. Dermatologists advise avoiding sugar and carbs as they stimulate sebaceous glands to work more intensely. As it was mentioned before yeast likes oil, so keep diet to prevent further dandruff. Eat a diet rich in zinc, vitamin B, and omega 3 fatty acids to prevent the aggravation of dandruff.
By following the recommendations mentioned above very soon you can notice good changes. Be sure, you’ll definitely get rid of dandruff with these advices or at least minimize its appearance.